Filters: Baader Blue (CMOS-Optimized) 50×50 mm · Green (CMOS-Optimized) 50×50 mm · H-alpha Highspeed(f/2) Ultra-Narrowband 3.5nm (CMOS-Optimized) 50×50 mm · O-III Highspeed(f/2) Ultra-Narrowband 4nm (CMOS-Optimized) 50×50 mm · Red (CMOS-Optimized) 50×50 mm · S-II Highspeed(f/2) Ultra-Narrowband 4nm (CMOS-Optimized) 50×50 mm
QHY2020 is a cooled scientific CMOS camera with GSENSE2020 back illuminated CMOS sensor: 13.3mm x 13.3mm, 2K*2K resolution, 4mega pixels. This square scientific CMOS has ultra high QE and wide spectral response from 200nm to 1100nm. It has 94% peak QE at 550nm-600nm, 60% QE at 240nm. It also has very good QE in the NIR range, 60% at 800nm, 38% at 900nm. QHY2020EUVX is a special EUV/Soft X-ray enhanced version with >90% QE in 1.2nm to 15nm extreme UV range. The high, wide response from NIR to UV makes the QHY2020 a perfect camera for spectrum analysis and spectrum imaging systems. The QHY2020 is also an ideal scientific CMOS camera for Fluorescence imaging .
QHY2020 supports 21 5FPS,25,35FPS frame rate and HDR two channel output. It has the capability to output dual channels as 4096 x 2048 with one channel at high gain and one channel at low gain. You can also select either the high gain or low gain output.
With read noise as low as 1.6e-, this camera can capture photons from very dim objects. At 3.5 electrons it can achieve SNR=2, which means 4 photons. This detection limit is close to some EMCCD cameras.
The standard version of the QHY2020 is USB3.0. It can produce a maximum frame rate of 33 frames per second for single channel 12bit images, or 21.5 frames per second for dual channel 12-bit images (HDR mode). The camera can also transfer selected regions of interest for extremely fast rates, e.g., 450 FPS at 128lines, 1460 FPS at 32 lines. This specially addressed line readout mode can also be customized.
Please contact QHYCCD for order if you want to purchase, consult or customize scientific cameras.
QHY2020 / QHY2020EUVX
Gpixel Gense2020 BSI / Gesen2020 BSI-PS
6.5um x 6.5um
Sensor Surface Glass
Clear Glass / Non-Glass
Effective Pixel Area
2048 x 2048
Effective Image Area
13.3mm x 13.3mm
AD Sample Depth
Dual 12-bit A/D (High Gain Channel and Low Gain Channel) *
94% peak QE. 60% @ 800nm 38% @ 900nm 60% @ 240nm QHY2020EUVX
90% to 99% at 1.2nm to 15nm 35% @ 200nm 68% @ 600-700nm 50% @800nm 40%@900nm
*note: Hardware ROI support need upgrade the MAX10 FPGA codes. (>=V2020.3.18) and Need the System Driver >=2020.3.14 and SDK>=2020.3.14
Exposure Time Range
20us – 300sec
Electric Rolling Shutter
Built-in Image Buffer
128MByte (512Mb) DDR2
Dual Stage TE Cooler（-40C below ambient）
(Test temperature +20°)
M54/0.75 female thread on the fast installer/center adjust ring
Optic Window Type
AR+AR High Quality Multi-Layer Anti-Reflection Coating
Back Focal Length
Dual ADC Image Out
GSENSE2020BSI has a dual ADC structure. The two ADCs will sample the same signal at the same time and generate two images. One image has low gain, big dynamic, another image has high gain, low readout noise. With this configuration, it can be used to generate the HDR image to enhance the dynamic range. QHY2020 can output the two-channel at the same time. The following picture is the dual ADC output images generated by QHY2020. The left is the low gain channel and the right is the high gain channel.Its resolution is 4096*2048 which consists of two 2048*2048 images. QHY2020 can also output the single high gain 12bit channel or the low gain 12bit channel with 2048*2048 resolution. These modes can be switched by the “ReadMode” options.
Brief User Guide
Before Start: Install "All-In-One" Pack
All-In-One Pack （Driver, SDK and Software) for WINDOWS supports all QHYCCD USB3.0 devices only except PoleMaster and some discontinued CCD cameras. Please go to https://www.qhyccd.com/download/ and install it.
Since most of the contents of All-in-one package are plug-ins that support third-party software, the third-party capturing software that you want to use must be installed before the All-in-one package. Otherwise the program will report an error.
ALL-IN-ONE Pack contains:
System Driver, which is necessary for camera operation and must be installed.
WDM Broadcast Driver, which can provide a live signal to Obs and other live software, you can install it if you have such needs like opeing a live show.
EZCAP_QT , which is developed by QHYCCD and can be used in QHY devices tests, and management of updates. So even if you won’t use EZCAP_QT for capturing, we suggest you install it.
Ascom driver needs to be sync with the ascom platform version you installed (the latest version of Ascom is 6.5)
The two sorts of Ascom CFW Drivers correspond to two methods of controling the filter wheel: USB control and camera serial control. It is recommended that both drivers should be installed if you have a filter wheel.
CP210X_VCP is a serial driver. Some computers come with the driver, but the computer without the driver may be failed of controling the filter wheel.
SDKs for Third-party Software: Just pick and install the corresponding SDK according to the software you want to use. Don’t forget to check whether the software you are using is 32-bit or 64-bit and select the right SDKs.
SHARPCAP is also included in the pack, you can choose 32-bit or 64-bit to install. This is authorized by SHARPCAP.
QT LIB is a plug-in to ensure that 64-bit software can exeuate normally on some computers with poor compatibility.
Difference between Stable version and Beta Version: Beta version is the latest version, which gives priority to support for the latest products (the stable version may not be compatible with those yet), and has some of the latest optimized ,but experimental features. The stable version is older than the beta version but more stable, so it is recommended for beginners who are not using the latest products.
Don’t let the camera connect to the computer during the All-in-one pack installation process; connect it to the computer after all the installation is complete.
Input Voltage Requirements
The camera requires an input voltage between 11V and 13.8V. If the input voltage is too low the camera will stop functioning or it may reboot when the TEC power percent is high, causing a drain on the power. Therefore, please make sure the input voltage arrived to the camera is adequate. 12V is the best but please note that a 12V cable that is very long or a cable with small conductor wire may exhibit enough resistance to cause a voltage drop between the power supply and the camera. The formular is: V(drop) = I * R (cable). It is advised that a very long 12V power cable not be used. It is better to place the 12V AC adapter closer to the camera.
First connect the 12V power supply, then connect the camera to your computer via the USB3.0 cable. Make sure the camera is plugged in before connecting the camera to the computer, otherwise the camera will not be recognized. When you connect the camera for the first time, the system discovers the new device and looks for drivers for it. You can skip the online search step by clicking “Skip obtaining the driver software from Windows Update” and the computer will automatically find the driver locally and install it. If we take the 5IIISeries driver as an example (shown below), after the driver software is successfully installed, you will see QHY5IIISeries_IO in the device manager.
Please note that the input voltage cannot be lower than 11.5v, otherwise the device will be unable to work normally.
Before using software, make sure you have connected the cooling camera to the 12V power supply and connected it to the computer with a USB3.0 data cable. If it’s a planetary/guiding camera, 12V power is not needed.
Note: We recommend 64-bit Software if possible, like SharpCAP x64 , N.I.N.A x64. etc., especially when you’re using 16bit cameras like QHY600.
EZCAP_QT is software developed by QHYCCD. This software has basic capture functions for QHYCCD deep sky cameras.
Run EZCAP_QT. Click “Connect” in Menu -> Camera. If the camera is successfully connected, the title line of EZCAP_QT will display the camera firmware version and the camera ID as shown below.
Click “Temperature Control” in “Camera Settings” to set the temperature of the CMOS sensor. You can turn on “Auto” to set the target temperature. For example, here we set the target temperature to -10C. The temperature of the CMOS sensor will drop quickly to this temperature (approximately 2-3 minutes). If you want to turn off cooling, you can choose Stop. If you just want to set the TEC power but not the temperature. You can select “Manual” and then set the percentage of the TEC power.
You can use the “preview tab” to preview and use the focus tool to focus. Then use the “capture tab” to capture the image.
Launch SharpCap. If the software and drivers mentioned above are installed successfully, the video image will appear automatically about 3 seconds after the software loads. You will also see the frame rate in the lower left corner of the software window as shown below.
If you have already started the SharpCap software before connecting the camera, in order to open the camera, click on the “camera” in the menu bar and then select the device.
Offset adjustment. When you completely block the camera (i.e., like taking a dark frame) you may find that the image is not really zero. Sometimes this will reduce the quality of the image contrast. You can get a better dark field by adjusting the offset. You can confirm this by opening the histogram as indicated in the figure below.
If you want to enter the 16-bit image mode, select the “RAW16” mode.
By selecting the “LX” mode you can expand the exposure setting range and take long exposures.
After cooling devices connected to the 12V power supply, the temperature control circuit will be activated. You can control the CMOS temperature by adjusting the settings in the figure below. Basically, you can control the temperature of CMOS by either adjusting “Cooler Power” or clicking “Auto” and setting “Target Temperature”. You can also see the CMOS temperature at the lower-left corner of the software window.
ASCOM supported software (e.g. MDL)
With ASCOM drivers, you can use the device with many software packages that support the ASCOM standard. We will use Maxim DL below as an example, but a similar procedure is used for The SkyX and other software packages supporting ASCOM.
First make sure you have not only loaded the ASCOM drivers but that you have also downloaded and installed the ASCOM platform from ASCOM. After both the drivers and platform are installed, start MAXIMDL. Follow the instructions shown below to finish the setup. Then Click Connect in and enter the software.
Open N.I.N.A. – Nighttime Imaging ‘N’ Astronomy. Drive connections via ASCOM.
Turn on the TE cooler to set temperature. Then set the exposure time to capture the image.
BroadCast WDM Camera Driver
QHYCCD BroadCast WDM Camera is a broadcast driver that supports QHYCCD cameras with video broadcast function, which can meet the needs of customers to send video images to other target software. For example, use sharpcap to connect a WDM-enabled camera, and the sharpcap display video image can be sent to other WDM-supported software for display, which is suitable for video online broadcast applications.
Perform the AllInOne installation and check the BroadCast WDM Camera option.
The installation process is over, right-click the computer to find the device manager, and check that the image device name is QHYCCD BroadCast WDM Camera, which means the installation is successful.
Activate the function:
Usually sharpcap is used to connect the camera as the broadcasting terminal. After connecting the camera, you need to turn on the Enable Live Broadcast switch to broadcast.
Common supporting software (ie, broadcast receiver) includes: UFOCAPTURE, HANDYAVI, QQ video functions, etc.
AMcap test effect chart:
HANDYAVI test effect chart:
UFOCAPTURE test renderings:
Currently only supports Windows system.
Currently, the SDK does not support 16 bits for the time being.
RGB24 mode must be selected for color images, otherwise the image will appear gridded.
The following picture is a dark frame of 60sec exposure, @ -20C sensor temperature. You will see a little ampilifer glow on the corner of the image. But it should be easy to be removed with dark frame calibration. Please note this is a CLASS 2 sensor. So you will see a defect row in this image. QHY2020 has both Class 1 sensor version and Class 2 sensor version. The price is different.
The following picture is a 10sec exposure dark frame under -20C degree cooling, with background level stretch. Class 2 sensor.
QHYCCD BURST Mode
QHYCCD BURST Mode
Added functions related to BURST mode in SDK. Currently, cameras that support Burst function include QHY600, QHY411, QHY461, QHY268, QHY6060, QHY4040, QHY4040PRO, QHY2020, QHY42PRO, QHY183A
This mode is a sub-mode of continuous mode. This function can only be used in continuous mode. When this function is enabled, the camera will stop outputting image data, and the software frame rate will be reduced to 0. At this time, send relevant commands to the camera, and the camera will Output the image data with the specified frame number according to the settings, for example, set Start End to 1 6, the camera will output the image data with the frame number 2 3 4 5 when receiving the command.
1. When using Burst mode in fiber mode, the first Burst shot will be one less. For example, if the start end is set to 1 6, the output of 2 3 4 5 is normal, but in fact, only 3 4 will be output during the first burst shot. 5, 2 will not be received, the second and subsequent shots can normally obtain Burst images 2 3 4 5. This problem will be fixed later.
2. QHY2020, QHY4040 found that the frame number that came out when the exposure time was short is [start+1,end-1] but the one that came out under long exposure was [start+2,end]
3. When the camera is just connected, if the set end value is relatively large, the camera will directly output the picture after entering the burst mode. Therefore, it is necessary to set the camera to enter the IDLE state and then set the start end and related burst operations.
The following is the usage of Burst mode related functions: